January is Glaucoma Awareness Month. Given the fact that one can actually suffer from glaucoma without signs or symptoms, the awareness month provides a good opportunity to become more familiar with the disease. Below are some telling facts, sourced from the Glaucoma Research Foundation.
As with many other diseases, awareness needs to increase as education can lead to more people having regular eye exams, thereby providing the opportunity for early detection. National studies show that there is still a lack of awareness and some confusion about Glaucoma.
The most common form of the disease, called open-angle glaucoma, has virtually no symptoms and no pain. Vision loss begins very gradually at the side, or peripheral vision. The person who is beginning to lose peripheral vision may unconsciously turn his or her head to the side, not noticing any loss of sight until a significant portion is lost.
There is no cure for Glaucoma but it can be treated. Vision lost to Glaucoma cannot be regained but it can be halted with medication and/or surgery.
Even though Glaucoma exhibits no definitive symptoms, people experiencing the following vision impairments should see their optometrist immediately.
The best way to protect vision from Glaucoma is to get tested. If the disease is detected, treatment can begin immediately.Since open-angle glaucoma is a chronic condition, it must be monitored for life. The Glaucoma Research Group recommends getting a complete eye exam every one to two years.